Horse Care 101: The Basics of Equine Health Care

Careful consideration and preparation will help your horse to live a longer and healthier life. Preventive care is the foundation of good equine husbandry; it concentrates more on avoiding problems than treating them. To achieve this, one needs to focus on the horse’s wellness and happiness more than anything else. This article provides a detailed summary of horse health care.

Fundamental Horse Health Care

Before bringing your new horse friend into your home, you should familiarize yourself with the fundamentals of horse health care. With these guidelines and articles, you can find out how to safely groom and take care of your horse or pony.


Vaccination is a vital part of horse preventive medicine. Before being exposed to a disease, vaccinations are given to strengthen the immune system’s defenses against infection. Horses are routinely vaccinated as the first defense against fatal contagious diseases. Others are significant in certain locations and circumstances.

Your horse must be vaccinated against tetanus, viral respiratory illness, and strangles by a veterinarian. Your veterinarian will advise you on what and how often your horse must be vaccinated and the right vaccines for Gillette horses.

Dental Care

Horses’ teeth are constantly changing as they develop and wear down. Sadly, they wear unevenly, requiring trimming or “floating” to remove dangerously sharp points, edges, or hooks.

Horse’s dental health is crucial; therefore, horses should see their veterinarian for an examination at least once a year (older horses require more frequent checkups). Your veterinarian will examine your pet’s mouth for teeth with sharp points or edges and file or trim them down as required.


Frequent deworming will prevent worms from developing in the horse’s intestines and stomach. Many worming pastes need to be used every six to eight weeks. Always read and adhere to the label instructions when taking any new medication. Another simple way to lessen worm contamination of pastures is to reduce the buildup of manure in your horse’s paddock.


Grooming is a crucial part of horse care. Daily brushing and cleaning with a curry brush can help remove dirt and other particles that can be a breeding ground for bacteria. You can examine your horse’s skin’s general health while grooming him and see any new bumps, welts, infections, or sores.

Dry skin, raised hairs, and extreme grease may indicate a health issue. Grooming helps maintain the coat and skin healthy and can also enhance circulation.

Hoof Care

Hoof care is an integral part of daily grooming. Manure, dirt, and stones should be “picked” out of the hooves daily, and any bruising, odor, staining, or discharge must be checked. Horses’ hooves require trimming approximately every six weeks because of continuous growth. Training a horse to stand correctly is essential for proper hoof care and the prevention of foot injuries. If you have no experience with foot trimming, you should leave it to your farrier or vet.

Health Checks

Keeping a healthy weight and conducting routine condition scoring and fitness assessments can help find even the most subtle changes in physical health. Health issues can arise from being either too thin or too fat. A quick change in body condition could signify a medical issue. However, it can also result from inadequate diet and physical activity care. Consult with your vet or visit their official website for more information about horse health care.

Final Thoughts

Horse care can be easy. A good healthcare plan will keep your horse healthy and let it live a better, longer life. Health problems are better prevented than treated. Maximizing the effectiveness of your horse’s healthcare program needs teamwork between you, your veterinarian, and your county extension agent.